Display options
Share it on
Full text links
Medical Tribune Inc.

Jpn J Physiol. 1992;42(5):753-63. doi: 10.2170/jjphysiol.42.753.

Hemodynamic responses during acute normovolemic hemodilution in anesthetized dogs.

The Japanese journal of physiology

M Fahim, M Singh

Affiliations

  1. Department of Physiology, Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute, University of Delhi, India.

PMID: 1337127 DOI: 10.2170/jjphysiol.42.753

Abstract

Acute normovolemic hemodilution was induced by progressive replacement of blood by dextran (molecular weight 150,000) in anesthetized artificially ventilated dogs. Experiments were performed on dogs with intact autonomic innervation, dogs with beta-adrenergic blockade, dogs with cholinergic blockade, dogs with bilateral vagotomy, and dogs with combined bilateral vagotomy plus beta-adrenergic blockade. Hemodilution induced an increase in cardiac-output in all the groups. However, in dogs with low control heart rate (dogs with intact autonomic innervation, and dogs with beta-adrenergic blockade), cardiac-output increase was almost wholly due to an increase in heart rate. Whereas, in dogs with high control heart rate (dogs with cholinergic blockade, dogs with bilateral vagotomy, and dogs with combined bilateral vagotomy plus beta-adrenergic blockade), the increase in cardiac-output was almost wholly due to an increase in the stroke-volume. The increase in heart rate in dogs with intact autonomic innervation was not significantly different from the heart rate increase in dogs with beta-adrenergic blockade. In dogs with low control heart rate (beta-receptor blockade), hemodilution induced tachycardia, which was not significantly different from the response induced in intact dogs. This shows that the cardioacceleration was primarily mediated through the efferent vagus nerves, and the efferent sympathetic nerves did not make significant contribution in the reflex.

Similar articles

Substances

MeSH terms

Publication Types

LinkOut - more resources