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Drug Metab Dispos. 1991 Mar-Apr;19(2):491-7.

Disposition, metabolism, and excretion of the anticancer agent crisnatol in the rat.

Drug metabolism and disposition: the biological fate of chemicals

D K Patel, J L Woolley, J P Shcokcor, R L Johnson, L C Taylor, C W Sigel

Affiliations

  1. Division of Pharmacokinetics and Drug Metabolism, Wellcome Research Laboratories, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709.

PMID: 1676660

Abstract

Disposition and metabolism of crisnatol (14C-labeled), a novel antitumor agent, was examined after po and iv administration to rats. After both routes of drug administration, there was rapid elimination of the administered radioactivity in the urine (6-12% of the dose) and feces (81-92% of the dose). The drug appeared to be rapidly absorbed after oral dose and there was substantial "first-pass" metabolism. Analysis of the excreta indicated extensive metabolism of crisnatol by the rat, with the intact compound being the major radiolabeled component in the feces (17-20% of dose). Intact drug was not present in urine. Biotransformation of crisnatol by the rat mainly involves oxidation and conjugation pathways. Hydroxylation and dihydrodiol formation in the chrysene ring and oxidation of the propanediol side chain resulted in the formation of the three major fecal metabolites. The principal metabolite in the urine was also a dihydrodiol. Concentrations of intact drug in each tissue assayed exceeded those in plasma, and in the lungs the tissue/plasma ratio approached 300 and 82 at 2 hr after iv and po doses, respectively.

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