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J Dent Res Dent Clin Dent Prospects. 2014;8(4):230-4. doi: 10.5681/joddd.2014.41. Epub 2014 Dec 03.

Oral health related quality of life in diabetic patients.

Journal of dental research, dental clinics, dental prospects

Rokhsareh Sadeghi, Ferial Taleghani, Sareh Farhadi

Affiliations

  1. Assistant Professor, Department of Periodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran.
  2. Assistant Professor, Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology Department, Islamic Azad University, Dental Branch of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

PMID: 25587385 PMCID: PMC4288913 DOI: 10.5681/joddd.2014.41

Abstract

Background and aims. Diabetic patients display an increased risk of oral disorders, and oral health related quality of life (OHRQL) might affect their management and treatment modalities. The aim of the present study was to determine OHRQL and associated parameters in patients with diabetes. Materials and methods. In this study two hundred patients were recruited from the diabetes clinic in Mustafa Khomeini Hospital in Tehran, Iran. OHRQL was assessed using Oral Health Impact Profile Questionnaire (OHIP-20). Also, another questionnaire was designed which contained questions regarding participants' knowledge about oral complications of diabetes and oral health behavior. OHRQL was categorized as low and good. Data were analyzed using logistic regression at P = 0.05. Results. Of the diabetic patients assessed, 77.5% were in good and 22.5% were in low categories of OHRQL. This quality was significantly associated with age (OR = 4.03, 95% CI = 1.63-11.29), knowledge about diabetes oral complications (OR = 18.17 95% CI = 4.42-158.6), educational level (OR = 26.31 95% CI = 4.2-1080.3), referred for dental visit by physician (OR = 3.16 95% CI = 1.48-6.69), frequency of brushing (OR = 10.29 95% CI = 3.96-31.2) and length of time diagnosed with diabetes (OR = 6.21 95% CI = 2.86-13.63). Conclusion. Oral health related quality of life was not negatively affected by diabetes mellitus in the assessed sample.

Keywords: Diabetes; diabetics; oral health related quality of life

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