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Sci Data. 2018 Feb 06;5:180004. doi: 10.1038/sdata.2018.4.

Gridded global datasets for Gross Domestic Product and Human Development Index over 1990-2015.

Scientific data

Matti Kummu, Maija Taka, Joseph H A Guillaume


  1. Water & Development Research Group, Aalto University, Tietotie 1E, 02150 Espoo, Finland.

PMID: 29406518 PMCID: PMC5800392 DOI: 10.1038/sdata.2018.4


An increasing amount of high-resolution global spatial data are available, and used for various assessments. However, key economic and human development indicators are still mainly provided only at national level, and downscaled by users for gridded spatial analyses. Instead, it would be beneficial to adopt data for sub-national administrative units where available, supplemented by national data where necessary. To this end, we present gap-filled multiannual datasets in gridded form for Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Human Development Index (HDI). To provide a consistent product over time and space, the sub-national data were only used indirectly, scaling the reported national value and thus, remaining representative of the official statistics. This resulted in annual gridded datasets for GDP per capita (PPP), total GDP (PPP), and HDI, for the whole world at 5 arc-min resolution for the 25-year period of 1990-2015. Additionally, total GDP (PPP) is provided with 30 arc-sec resolution for three time steps (1990, 2000, 2015).


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