SSM Popul Health. 2018 Oct 19;7:008-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ssmph.2018.10.008. eCollection 2019 Apr.
Associations of friendship and children's physical activity during and outside of school: A social network study.
SSM - population health
Jodie A Stearns, Jenny Godley, Paul J Veugelers, John Paul Ekwaru, Kerry Bastian, Biao Wu, John C Spence
- University of Alberta, Faculty of Kinesiology, Sport and Recreation, Room 3-134 Van Vliet Complex, University Hall, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2H9.
- University of Calgary, Department of Sociology, 2500 University Dr. NW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 1N4.
- University of Alberta, School of Public Health, 3-50 University Terrace, 8303-112 Street, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2T4.
- Group Risk Management, Royal Bank of Canada, 155 Wellington Street West, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5V 3H6.
PMCID: PMC6288406 DOI: 10.1016/j.ssmph.2018.10.008
Friendships play a significant role in child development and may influence children's physical activity (PA). Using a whole-network approach, this study examined whether school-based friends are more similar in their pedometer-measured PA compared to children who are not friends, and whether these patterns vary by gender, strength of friendship (best vs. close friends), and during vs. outside of school. The analytical sample included 706 grade 5 students (10- to 11-years-old) in 27 schools who were participating in the APPLE Schools project (Alberta Project Promoting healthy Living for Everyone in schools) in Edmonton and Fort McMurray, Alberta, Canada in the spring of 2013. Data collected included student and parent survey responses, time-stamped pedometer data for nine consecutive days, and close and best within-school and within-grade friendship nominations. We used Multiple Regression
Keywords: Children; Friendships; Pedometers; Physical activity; Social network analysis
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