Sci Data. 2015 Oct 13;2:150054. doi: 10.1038/sdata.2015.54. eCollection 2015.
Fabienne Gaillard, Denis Diverres, Stéphane Jacquin, Yves Gouriou, Jacques Grelet, Marc Le Menn, Joelle Tassel, Gilles Reverdin
PMCID: PMC4603393 DOI: 10.1038/sdata.2015.54
French Research vessels have been collecting thermo-salinometer (TSG) data since 1999 to contribute to the Global Ocean Surface Underway Data (GOSUD) programme. The instruments are regularly calibrated and continuously monitored. Water samples are taken on a daily basis by the crew and later analysed in the laboratory. We present here the delayed mode processing of the 2001-2013 dataset and an overview of the resulting quality. Salinity measurement error was a few hundredths of a unit or less on the practical salinity scale (PSS), due to careful calibration and instrument maintenance, complemented with a rigorous adjustment on water samples. In a global comparison, these data show excellent agreement with an ARGO-based salinity gridded product. The Sea Surface Salinity and Temperature from French REsearch SHips (SSST-FRESH) dataset is very valuable for the 'calibration and validation' of the new satellite observations delivered by the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) and Aquarius missions.