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2006;31:186-207. doi: 10.1016/j.cedpsych.2005.05.002.

Students' choice of animated pedagogical agents in science learning: A test of the similarity-attraction hypothesis on gender and ethnicity.

Contemporary Educational Psychology

Moreno R., Flowerday T.

UIID-AC: 71 DOI: 10.1016/j.cedpsych.2005.05.002


College students learned about science with a multimedia program. One group (choice or C) chose to learn with or without an animated pedagogical agent (APA) representing a male or female of five different ethnicities. Another group (no-choice or NC) was assigned an APA by the system. All participants in C group chose to learn with APAs and students of color chose significantly more same-ethnicity APAs than White American students. A significant interaction between choice and ethnic similarity factors revealed that group C produced lower retention, transfer, and program ratings when learning with same-ethnicity rather than different-ethnicity APAs. Results support an interference hypothesis for students who choose to learn with same-ethnicity APAs. © 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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